The director of the Institute is academician Yu.V. Gulyaev.
Outstanding scientists in radio science and electronics - academicians A.I. Berg, N.D. Devyatkov, Yu.B. Kobzarev, V.A. Kotelnikov, V.V. Migulin, B.A. Vvedensky,- were organizers of the Institute and leaders of it's first research divisions. The main scientific directions of the IRE are fundamental research in radio science, physical and quantum electronics, radio engineering, computer science. The Institute carries out applied research in the field of development of high technologies and designing of new scientific instruments. A large number of scientific and applied researchers of the Institute are awarded the States Prizes and documented as discoveries and inventions.
The Institute consists of several research divisions, it has Special design bureau and two engineering centers.